Pour Over Brewing Method
Pourover is the simplest method of coffee brewing. You only have to pour water over and through the grounds. This process will extract the coffee flavors and delicious aroma into your cup. You don’t need high-tech brewing gadgets, only a filter and then pour over dripper or filter holder.
It seems simple, but we have a few tips to make sure that you will create the most delicious brew.
All coffee brewing methods have the same three general phases: wetting, dissolution, and diffusion. Each of these phases is linked to the others; as a result, they affect what comes next in some important ways.
First, add enough hot water to wet all of the coffee grounds. Stop pouring when the water already gets in, and let the carbon dioxide escape and bubble out for about 30 seconds. This process will allow the coffee grounds to create a “bloom”, or to expand.
Second, stop brewing when the hot water already dissolved the good flavors. There are solutes inside the beans that produce pleasant and unpleasant tastes.
So, when the beans are fully wetted, the dissolution process starts. The hot water will begin to dissolve the sugar, organic acids and other particles in the beans. This can take up 1/3 of the coffee mass and extract the flavors that would dominate the brew.
BARISTA TIP: The key to finding the perfect flavor is to stop brewing after you extracted the good flavors.
Third, diffuse carefully. Make sure that the dissolved stuff is separated from the coffee grounds. Filter carefully, and find the right flavor balance by extracting not more than 20% of the coffee mass to avoid unusually sour and bitter flavors.
Advantages of Pour Over
- You have full control of the coffee making process. Unlike coffee machines, you can determine how much water to pour and when to stop brewing anytime. Once you’re satisfied with the extraction, you can stop the process and enjoy the delicious beverage.
- It brings out the coffee guru in you. When was the last time you made an experiment? Why not try calibrating the perfect water and ground ratio and water temperature to get the best results?
- It allows you to pull out a richer and bolder flavor from the grounds. Though it would take a little longer compared to drip coffee machines, a pour over allows you to control the speed of pouring water to your coffee. If you want a lighter taste, pour faster. The longer you pour, the stronger the flavor.
If you’re in a hurry and you prefer a to-go cup in between coffee breaks, or at any time you need a caffeine kick, this may not work for you. A coffee machine-brewed coffee may be a better option.
Drip Coffee Method
It is the most common household coffee maker and is so easy to set up. There are high-end and basic drip coffee makers that you can set up before you go to bed, so it would start brewing when you wake up. Just choose the brand that would give you the unique features you’re looking for, such as timers, “keep warm” settings. Some have built-in coffee bean grinders too.
Unlike “boiled” coffee brewing methods, drip coffee filters the grounds-preventing the fatty acids from the coffee beans from mixing with your coffee.
- Drinking the allowable amount of drip coffee will not raise your LDL cholesterol levels
- The slower brewing process and lower temperature infuse a variety of flavors and aroma into your coffee.
- It contains more caffeine than espresso. So, if you’re looking for a good caffeine kick, this one is for you.
- You can use any coffee bean combination for drip coffee.
- If you don’t clean it properly, dangerous bacteria that could cause gastroenteritis and other serious ailments could grow in hard to clean areas. It harbors molds also.
- You cannot make adjustments as you brew coffee. Though drip pots have customizable settings, the automatic brewing process follows a pre-programmed action. So, you can’t make adjustments or experiment on your coffee the moment it starts brewing. In short, auto drip brewers limit the full potential of your brew.
Pour over coffee gives you all the control to create a perfect cup of coffee, because you can adjust the water temperature, and pouring style. You don’t have to rely on poorly designed and inconsistent shower heads, so you can pour water evenly on coffee grounds. In short, you add some time to the brew, stop when you want to extract less, and lower temperature anytime you want to. Those actions are not possible with drip coffee.
Anthony is a professional barista in the city of Chicago. He has written for many online publications on various topics related to coffee.